Moisturisers are also known as Emollients and are the most important part of your treatment. They help to repair or maintain the skins barrier function. It is very important to continue to use your moisturiser even if your skin condition improves. Moisturisers help to prevent the dryness that eczema causes. If used regularly they increase the softness and suppleness of the skin and they help to prevent itch. It is useful to build the habit of applying your moisturisers at least twice daily; in much the same way as you have the habit of brushing your teeth. Moisturisers vary in consistency and are known either as creams or ointments. The difference is in the oily content of the product.